Dog Breeds Adapted to Cold Climate

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Most dogs are bred to be a good fit for the environment in which they live. But not every breed can endure a cold climate. That information can help you determine whether a particular race would suit your lifestyle and climate conditions where you live.

Below is the list of things to keep in mind when choosing a new pet:

If you live in a cold climate area, you know how hard it can be to keep your furry buddy comfortable and happy, especially in the winter. Some breeds are not quite delighted walking outside when it’s windy or rainy. They usually don’t have an undercoat, which makes it difficult for them to warm up. On the other hand, some pups are thrilled with snow.

Polar Breeds

All polar dogs have been in the service of people living in the colder parts of the planet since time immemorial. Their function in society and the way of selection have created many common characteristics of all arctic races. It is believed that these breeds have adapted the least to modern living conditions. Because of that, they are still suitable for living in colder climates.

The Alaskan Malamute has long been the largest and oldest of the Siberian sled dogs. They typically have a thick, long coat with an insulation purpose that makes them look fluffy and chubby (they actually aren’t). The Arctic origin of the breed makes these pups well suited for colder climates.

Huskies and Samoyeds, with their distinctive aesthetics and spirit, are also an excellent choice. Both breeds were made to be working dogs, and they retained their characteristic endurance, energy, agility, and playfulness at home. Their long coats and thick hides keep them cool during the summer and warm them up during winter. These dogs can even change their metabolism and use up fat stores, allowing them to stay outside for a long time.

Rescue Dogs


Saint Bernard and Bernese Mountain dogs have assisted mountain rescue services and are excellent in the snow. By their very appearance, it’s clear that they tolerate low temperatures very well. Regardless of their large constitution, they are very agile and mobile.

These gentle giants have an excellent immune system, but you have to provide them with quality foods and supplements. Regular grooming and nail cutting is also a must. You should also consider any past health issues, as a pet prone to allergies, skin infections, or respiratory diseases may not be suitable for a cold climate.

German Shepherds

The German Shepherd is another great breed for cold weather. Their characteristics make it easier for the owners to keep these dogs warm without worrying about shedding. Still, many owners have found that the puppies have trouble adjusting to low temperatures. The process of adaptation to cold should go slowly, until pups get their thick undercoat.

This species is very resistant to colds. An adult German Shepherd has a well-developed winter fur that prevents excessive heat dissipation. Grooming is the best way to keep the dogs healthy and looking their best in the winter. This routine should include a shampoo and conditioner every couple of weeks to prevent the fur from matting.

Wirehaired Fox Terriers

The most common of middle-sized breeds for cold weather is the Fox Terrier. Most of these pups will do well in the colder months of the year. Although they don’t seem quite prepared for cold weather, they enjoy playing in the snow. You can check this link for more middle-sized breeds.

The hair of the wirehaired Fox Terrier is rough and has a thick undercoat that protects them from the cold. But owners should take steps to prevent these pups from shedding in these cold conditions. A special spray is available in pet stores. That will keep the fur from falling out while they are outside.

People live in parts of the world where the temperature doesn’t pass 15 degrees Celsius even in the warmest time of the year. For them, these conditions are not a problem. They have central heating, warm clothes and shoes, and can always find a way to warm up. But dogs must be ready by nature and well-equipped with thick fur, strong musculature, and sturdy paws to endure harsh weather.